Estrogen causes neuroblastoma cells to mature into neurons


(Mark) #1

Estrogen and nerve growth factor (NGF) are inducers of neural differentiation, a process associated with a favorable disease. We show that MYCN suppresses estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and thereby NGF signaling and neural differentiation. ERα overexpression is sufficient to interfere with different tumorigenic processes and tumor growth. In patients with NB, ERα expression correlates with several clinical markers for good prognosis. Importantly, not only ERα but also the majority of other nuclear hormone receptors are linked to favorable NB, suggesting a potential prognostic and therapeutic value for these proteins.